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New Caledonia

Page last updated on 18 April 2022

New Caledonia is a tropical island located only a few hours’ flight from the east coast of Australia. The South Pacific paradise is a French territory, so not only do the natives speak French, but there is plenty of French architecture and the food is served with a French twist. The capital city Noumea is home to over 150 restaurants, many of which specialise in fresh local seafood including gourmet crustaceans. The capital also caters for the shopaholics, with a selection of designer and boutique outlets and thriving morning markets.

Latest security advice
Exercise a high degree of caution
The COVID-19 state of emergency has been lifted. You no longer need to comply with health measures to enter New Caledonia. Health authorities continue to recommend cautionary measures, including a COVID-19 (RAT or PCR) test 2 days after arrival in New Caledonia (free tests are available at the Tontouta International Airport) and the wearing of masks on planes, in airports and places frequented by vulnerable people.

We advise:

Exercise a high degree of caution in New Caledonia due to the potential for protests and civil unrest outside of major town centres.

If beaches are your thing, you’re spoilt for choice in New Caledonia. The island experiences gorgeous blue skies and sunshine all year round, so you can enjoy soaking up the sun or taking a dip in the ocean in any month of the year. The island boasts a long list of beaches with beautiful white sand and crystal-clear waters. One of the best ways to explore is by island-hopping using a sail boat. This way you can dive in for a snorkel and get up close with the marine life that lives in the vibrant coral reefs – keep an eye out for the sea turtles!

Whether you’re planning a relaxing beach holiday or if you’re going to shop ‘til you drop, it’s important to consider your travel health and the risks of disease. Speak with your healthcare professional about the vaccinations or preventative medicines you might need to protect yourself prior to your departure to New Caledonia.

Before you go to New Caledonia

Do I need vaccinations to visit New Caledonia?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all travellers are up-to-date with their routine vaccinations including measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, polio, influenza and pneumococcal disease. These vaccinations are given as part of the National Immunisation Program (NIP). For a full list please refer to the NIP schedule, available here. In some cases, you may need a booster or re-vaccination against a disease to ensure you still have immunity.

Travellers to New Calendonia who are aged 5 years or older should also ensure they are fully vaccinated against COVID-19.

Other diseases that are considered a risk in New Caledonia include hepatitis A, hepatitis B and typhoid.  Your doctor will be able to let you know which vaccinations or medications are recommended for you, based on the time of year, destination/s, activities  planned and the duration of your stay.

What vaccinations are recommended to travel to New Caledonia?

All travellers should be up-to-date with their routine vaccinations before heading off to New Caledonia. These include vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, chicken pox, polio and influenza. For a full list, refer to the National Immunisation Program – available here


Most travellers

There is an increased risk of contracting hepatitis A and typhoid in New Caledonia, both of which can be contracted through contaminated food or water.

Some travellers

Depending on where you are staying and what activities you have planned, the following vaccinations may be recommended for you by your doctor:

  • Hepatitis B
    • You can contract this through sexual contact and contaminated needles, so this vaccine is particularly important if you are sexually active in New Caledonia, having any medical procedures or are planning on getting a tattoo
How long before you travel to New Caledonia do you need vaccinations?

It is best to consult with your doctor or travel health clinic at least one month prior to your departure. They will be able to advise you about any vaccinations that you may need for your trip well before you leave, based on your specific travel plans.

Your doctor may conduct a general health check-up. This may be needed for your travel insurance if you have a pre-existing medical condition. If you are not up-to-date with your routine and COVID-19 vaccinations, then your doctor may recommend that you get a booster or be vaccinated/revaccinated against a particular disease.

Are vaccinations for travel covered by health insurance?

Some health insurance companies provide coverage for vaccinations. You will need to contact your health insurance provider to see what they cover.

When you see your doctor regarding your trip, Medicare may cover the total cost of your consultation fees (if it is a bulk billing practice), or otherwise a portion of the cost. However, if you need to be vaccinated, Medicare will not cover the cost of the vaccines themselves.

What precautions can I take to prevent dengue fever and other mosquito-borne illnesses in New Caledonia?

There is a risk of contracting the mosquito-borne illnesses like dengue fever, chikungunya and zika virus in New Caledonia. Zika virus and dengue fever are spread through the bite of certain types of mosquito which are active during the daytime.

Outbreaks of dengue fever are fairly common.  Some people who get infected do not show any symptoms, but those that do become ill 4–7 days after the bite, and have flu-like symptoms including intermittent high fever, severe headache, muscle, joint and bone pain, and a skin rash with red spots. In some cases, the illness may progress to dengue haemorrhagic fever, a very serious condition that can be fatal.

If you travel to New Caledonia you should avoid being bitten by mosquitoes by protecting yourself with insect repellent, wearing clothing that covers your arms and legs, and staying in accommodation that has working door and window screens.

How to keep healthy when travelling in New Caledonia

The standard of healthcare facilities in New Caledonia is high, but search and rescue facilities are limited and there is no mobile phone coverage in some parts of the main island. It’s important you are prepared before heading off on your trip. 


Before travelling:

  • Register your trip with Smart Traveller 
  • Make sure you have enough of your regular prescription medicines;
  • Ensure you’re up-to-date with your routine vaccinations
  • Take out travel insurance - to cover you and your family for medical and other costs resulting from unexpected incidents and accidents, or COVID-19
  • Put together a travel kit with medication for pain, diarrhoeal medicine, oral rehydration salts, antiseptic lotion or ointment, adhesive bandages and other wound dressings, insect repellent, sunscreen, latex gloves, thermometer, motion sickness medicine, water purification tablets and compression stockings

During travel:                               

  • The tap water is generally safe to drink in the towns of New Caledonia, however, if you are visiting rural or remote areas it is advised to drink bottled water only and avoid raw food
  • Avoid mosquito bites as dengue fever is a  risk in New Caledonia.
    Protect yourself with insect repellent, wearing clothing that covers your arms and legs, and staying in accommodation that has working door and window screens.
  • There is a risk of leptospirosis, a bacterial infection in New Caledonia.  It is spread from animals to humans.  To protect yourself, wear closed shoes, avoid swimming in rivers or muddy water and use a straw when drinking from cans
  • Use condoms to prevent sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, human papillomavirus, herpes, syphilis, hepatitis B and HIV.


VaccineHub offers general information only. Please see a healthcare professional for medical advice

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Sources & Citations

1. Worldometer, New Caledonia Population (live). Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022].

2. Flight Centre. New Caledonia Travel Guide. Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022].

3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. New Caledonia – Traveler View. Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022].

4. Australian Government Department of Health. National Immunisation Program Schedule. Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022].

5. Australian Government. Smart Traveller – Infectious Diseases. Available at: [accessed 8 February 2022].

6. Finder, Travel Vaccinations – What is a travel vaccine and can you claim it on health insurance? Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022].

7. Australian Government. Smart Traveller – New Caledonia. Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022]

8. International Association for Medical Assistance to Travellers (IAMAT). New Caledonia - Dengue. Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022].

9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Traveler’s Health Pack Smart. Available at: [Accessed 21 February 2022]

MAT-AU-2200221  Date of preparation March 2022