What vaccinations do I need to travel to India?
All travellers should be up-to-date with their routine vaccinations before heading off to India.
These vaccines include vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, chicken pox, polio and influenza. For a full list, refer to the National Immunisation Program – available here
There is an increased risk of contracting hepatitis A and typhoid in India, both of which can be contracted through contaminated food or water.
Hepatitis A is a viral infection of the liver. People are exposed to the virus generally through food or drink contaminated with faeces (poo), however, close personal contact (e.g.
Depending on where you are staying and what activities you have planned, the following vaccinations may be recommended for you by your doctor:
- Cholera (recommended for those who are visiting friend’s and/or relatives, or travelling for humanitarian aid work in disaster areas)
- Hepatitis B
- Japanese encephalitis
- Rabies (due to the number of wild dogs roaming the country)
In 2017 there were 6,122 cases of hepatitis B recorded in Australia, of which 142 cases were “newly acquired” and 5,980 cases were “unspecified” in regards to the time lapse since first infection.
Australia is free of rabies, as the virus does not occur in land-dwelling Australian animals.1,2 Australia does, however, have other similar viruses, which are found in bats.1,3
Malaria is a serious and sometimes life-threatening parasitic infection spread by the bite of a certain mosquito (i.e. the female Anopheles mosquito).2–4
Sources & Citations
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018 Yellow Book Traveler’s Health India. Available at: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/india [accessed 10 May 2018]
- Australian Immunisation Handbook, 3.2 Vaccination for international travel. Available at: http://www.immunise.health.gov.au/internet/immunise/publishing.nsf/Content/Handbook10-home~handbook10part3~handbook10-3-2 [accessed 10 May 2018]
SPANZ.SPAS.18.04163a - Date of preparation July 2018Show All