What vaccinations do I need to travel to China?
All travellers should be up to date with their routine vaccinations before heading off to China. These include vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, chicken pox, polio and influenza. For a full list, refer to the National Immunisation Program
There is an increased risk of contracting hepatitis A and typhoid in China, both of which can be contracted through contaminated food or water.
Hepatitis A is a viral infection of the liver. People are exposed to the virus generally through food or drink contaminated with faeces (poo), however, close personal contact (e.g.
Depending on where you are staying and what activities you have planned, the following vaccinations may be recommended for you by your doctor:
- Hepatitis B
- Japanese encephalitis
- Yellow fever (The Chinese government only requires proof of yellow fever vaccination if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever. Australia is not at risk of yellow fever)
Some medications may be useful to prevent other diseases, such as malaria.
For travellers who are planning to visit the Xinjiang province (this region borders Pakistan) to work in a healthcare facility, refugee camp or humanitarian aid should ensure they’ve been vaccinated against polio, as you can contract polio by coming in contact with another person who has it. If you had the vaccine as a child, you may need a booster as an adult.
In 2017 there were 6,122 cases of hepatitis B recorded in Australia, of which 142 cases were “newly acquired” and 5,980 cases were “unspecified” in regards to the time lapse since first infection.
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a viral infection of the brain spread by the bite of a particular type of mosquito.2
Australia has been polio free since 2000. Due to a global effort to put an end to the disease, the number of globally reported polio cases has decreased by over 99% since 1988.
Australia is free of rabies, as the virus does not occur in land-dwelling Australian animals.1,2 Australia does, however, have other similar viruses, which are found in bats.1,3
Sources & Citations
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018 Yellow Book Traveler’s Health. Available at: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2018/select-destinations/china [accessed 10 May 2018]
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Information for Travelers to China. Available at: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/china [accessed 10 May 2018]
SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0145a - Date of preparation May 2018Show All