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How is pneumococcal disease spread?

Page last updated 30 January 2020

Pneumococcal bacteria are carried in the nose and throat of healthy adults and children. It can be passed from one person to another through sneezing and coughing. Many people (including children) become carriers of the bacteria at some time or other, but not all will become sick. 

Sources & Citations

  1. Australian Government. Department of Health. National Notafiable Diseases Surveillance System. Number of notifications for all diseases by year, Australia, 2001 to 2020. Available at: (accessed 20 January 2020).
  2. Victoria State Government. Better Health Channel. Pneumococcal disease. Available at: (accessed 25 March 2018).

SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0149a(1) Date of preparation may 2018