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How do you prevent polio?

Page last updated 27 March 2020

The best protection against polio is immunisation. 4

In Australia, the National Immunisation Program (NIP) provides the polio vaccination (in combination with vaccines for other infectious diseases) for children at 2, 4 and 6 months of age, followed by a booster at 4 years of age. All adults should make sure they have been vaccinated against polio. If you have not received at least 3 doses of the polio vaccine, speak with your healthcare professional to make sure you get the correct advice.4

Australians who are travelling should ensure they are up-to-date with their vaccinations against polio and should see their healthcare professional prior to departure to check whether a booster dose is required prior to departure.1,7

Sources & Citations

1.    Australian Government. Department of Health. The Australian Immunisation Handbook – Poliomyelitis. Available at: (accessed 18 March 2020).
4.    Victoria State Government. Better Health Channel. Polio and post-polio syndrome. Available at: (accessed 18 March 2020).
7.    Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. Travelers’ Health. Polio. Available at: (accessed 18 March 2020).

SPANZ.IPV.18.04.0155(1)a - Date of preparation March 2020