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How can pneumococcal disease be prevented?

Page last updated 30 January 2020

Serious pneumococcal disease is most common in children under two years of age and older adults over the age of 65 years. 

Vaccines for pneumococcal disease are provided free as part of the National Immunisation Program (NIP) as follows:  :7
•    Infants are vaccinated at two, four and twelve months of age
•    Adults are vaccinated again once they turn 65 years of age
•    Other people may also require additional vaccinations if they have a chronic disease or if they are an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander.

Speak with your healthcare professional for further information regarding vaccination for pneumococcal disease.

While vaccination can protect you from becoming infected, to prevent pneumococcal disease spreading, remember to practice good hygiene:

•    Always cover your coughs and sneezes
•    Wash your hands often.

Sources & Citations

  1. Australian Government. Department of Health. The Australian Immunisation Handbook 10th Edition. 4.13 Pneumococcal disease. Available at: (accessed 25 March 2018).
  2. Victoria State Government. Better Health Channel. Pneumococcal disease. Available at: (accessed 25 March 2018).
  3. National Centre for Immunisation Research & Surveillance. Adult vaccination fact sheet. Available at: (accessed 25 March 2018).

SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0149a1 - Date of preparation May 2018