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Older adult

Page last updated on 24 June 2022

Vaccination is a simple and effective way to lower your chances of becoming seriously ill or hospitalised from vaccine-preventable diseases. By keeping up-to-date with your vaccinations, you’re also helping out the community by protecting the more vulnerable people from becoming infected.

Some vaccinations are provided for older adults for free via the National Immunisation Program (NIP). These include: influenza vaccine, pneumococcal vaccine and the shingles vaccine

Commonly asked questions

What vaccinations are recommended for older adults?

The Australian Government recommendations for adults are:

Disease Information Cost
Pneumococcal disease A single dose for adults aged 70 years and over Free to those eligible on the National Immunisation Program
Shingles (Herpes zoster) A single dose for people aged 70 years olds, OR if you are over 70 and have not yet been vaccinated, a single catch-up dose is available for those aged between 71 to 79 year olds until 31 October 2023 Free to those eligible on the National Immunisation Program
Influenza An annual dose for adults aged 65 years and over Free to those eligible on the National Immunisation Program
Tetanus A booster dose of a tetanus-containing vaccine is recommended for adults aged 50 years old or over who have not received a tetanus- containing vaccine in the past 10 years (but have previously completed a primary course of 3 doses) A fee may apply
Whooping cough (pertussis) A single booster dose of a whooping cough vaccine is recommended for adults aged 65 years old or more who have not been vaccinated in the past 10 years A fee may apply

 

Plus, if you are travelling, speak with your doctor before you go to ensure your vaccinations are up-to-date and that you have received the recommended vaccinations specific for the regions you are travelling to.

Are there any free vaccines for older adults?

For adults 65 years and older, the following vaccines are free under the National Immunisation Program (NIP):

  • Pneumococcal disease:
    A single dose is available for adults aged 70 years and over.
  • Shingles:
    A single dose is available for 70 year olds. Until 31 October 2023, a single catch-up dose is also available for adults aged 71 to 79 years.
  • Influenza (the flu):
    Seasonal influenza vaccine once a year.

Note that a consultation fee may apply.

What is pneumococcal disease?

Pneumococcal disease refers to the group of illnesses that can be caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium commonly known as pneumococcus. 

 

 

Most pneumococcal infections are mild, however some can cause serious disease, complications and even death.

From the upper airways, pneumococcus can cause infections in different parts of the body, such as the ear (otitis media, one of the most common pneumococcal diseases in children), sinuses, joints or bone. Sometimes it causes serious illness like:

  • meningitis (infection of the lining of the brain)
  • pneumonia (infection of the lungs – one of the most common pneumococcal diseases in adults)
  • bacteraemia (presence of bacteria in the blood)

In adults, pneumonia accounts for more than one-third of pneumonia in the community.

In children, middle ear infection is a common complication. In fact pneumococcus is the main cause of middle ear infection in children, found in 28-55% of cases. Although the least common presentation in children, pneumococcal meningitis (infection of the lining of the brain) is a serious complication.

Do I need the whooping cough vaccine to see my great-grandchild?

Did you know that babies who get whooping cough usually get it from a family member?

Young babies are at risk of whooping cough because they are too young to have their vaccinations, and whooping cough is more severe in very young infants.

Those spending time with newborns can help protect them from whooping cough by making sure their vaccinations are up-to-date. Immunity to whooping cough wanes over time, so boosters for adults are recommended.

Speak with your healthcare professional for more information.
 

Do I need a shingles vaccine?

The shingles vaccine is recommended for adults aged 60 years and over, and adults aged 50 years and over with household contacts who are immunocompromised. However, those who have previously received the chickenpox vaccine are not recommended to receive the shingles vaccine.

The shingles vaccine is free as part of the National Immunisation Program (NIP) for people over 70 years of age. Until 31 October 2023, a single catch-up dose is also available for adults aged 71 to 79 years.

For more information regarding shingles, the vaccination and its prevention, speak with your doctor.

I am over 65, do I need a special flu vaccine?

The Australian Government recommends a single dose of the seasonal influenza vaccine for all Australians.
 

There are enhanced vaccines that are available for use in older patients. These vaccines offer increased immune responses to combat age-related weakened immune systems.

Make sure you let your healthcare professional know your age when you go in for your vaccinations to ensure you have access to the free government-funded vaccine.

For more information regarding influenza and its prevention, speak with your healthcare professional.

VaccineHub offers general information only. Please see a healthcare professional for medical advice

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Sources & Citations

  1. Australian Government. Department of Health. Why get immunised? Available at: https://campaigns.health.gov.au/immunisation facts/why-get-immunised (accessed 27 May 2022).
  2. Australian Government. Department of Health. Immunisation for seniors. Available at: https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/immunisation/immunisation-throughout-life/immunisation-for-seniors (accessed 27 May 2022).
  3. Australian Government. Department of Health. National Immunisation Program Schedule. Available at: https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/immunisation/when-to-get-vaccinated/national-immunisation-program-schedule (accessed 27 May 2022).
  4. Victorian Government. Better Health. Pneumococcal disease. Available at: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/pneumococcal-disease (accessed 27 May 2022).
  5. Australian Government. Department of Health. Pneumococcal disease. Available at: https://immunisationhandbook.health.gov.au/contents/vaccine-preventable-diseases/pneumococcal-disease (accessed 27 May 2022).
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccines for Family and Caregivers. Available at  https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pregnancy/family-caregivers.html (accessed 27 May 2022).
  7. Australian Government. Department of Health. Zoster (herpes zoster). Available at: Zoster (herpes zoster) | The Australian Immunisation Handbook (health.gov.au) (accessed 1 June 2022).
  8. Health Direct. Flu vaccine FAQs. https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/flu-vaccine-faqs (accessed 27 May 2022).
  9. ACT Government. Health. Know the facts about the influenza vaccine. Available at: https://health.act.gov.au/services-and-programs/immunisation/influenza-flu/know-facts-about-influenza-vaccine (accessed 27 May 2022).

MAT-AU-2201301 (v1.0)   Date of preparation June 2022

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