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How can pneumococcal disease be prevented?

Page last updated 04 April 2022

Serious pneumococcal disease is most common in children under two years of age and older adults over the age of 85 years. 

Vaccines for pneumococcal disease are provided free as part of the National Immunisation Program (NIP) as follows:

  • Infants are vaccinated at two, four and twelve months of age
  • Adults are vaccinated again once they turn 70 years of age
  • Other people may also require additional vaccinations if they have a chronic disease or if they are an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander

Speak with your healthcare professional for further information regarding vaccination for pneumococcal disease.

While vaccination can protect you from becoming infected, to prevent pneumococcal disease spreading, remember to practice good hygiene:

  • Always cover your coughs and sneezes
  • Wash your hands often

Sources & Citations

2. Better Health Channel. Pneumococcal disease. Available at: (accessed 14 December 2021).

4. Australian Government Department of Health. The Australian Immunisation Handbook -Pneumococcal disease. Available at: (accessed 14 December 2021).

MAT-AU2102489  Date of preparation March 2022