Skip to main content

Is hepatitis B contagious?

Page last updated 18 January 2022


Hepatitis B can be easily spread from person to person via contact with blood or bodily fluids, including semen and vaginal fluids.

There are precautions you can take to reduce your risk of hepatitis B infection:

  • Ensuring you and your family are immunised against hepatitis B
  • Use condoms every time you have anal or vaginal intercourse
  • Avoid oral sex if you or your partner has herpes, ulcers or bleeding gums
  • Only receive piercings or tattoos from experienced practitioners who follow good sterilisation and hygiene practices
  • Wear disposable gloves if you need to give someone first aid or to clean up blood or other bodily fluids
  • Never share needles, syringes, spoons, swabs or water if you inject drugs.

If you have hepatitis B, you can reduce the risk of transmitting the virus by:

  • Avoiding sharing personal items such as toothbrushes and razors
  • Ensure close contacts are immunised against hepatitis B
  • Cover any wounds with waterproof dressings
  • Practise safe sex
  • Consider discussing your condition with your healthcare professional when undergoing any procedures.

View the travel map

Launch interactive map

Sources & Citations

5. Better Health Channel. Hepatitis B. Available at: (accessed 07 December 2021).

MAT-AU-2102484  Date of preparation January 2022