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Are there any complications of the Hib infection?

Page last updated 18 January 2022

Yes, complications of Hib infection can develop quickly and, if left untreated, can be life-threatening.

    Some complications include:

    • meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord)
    • epiglottitis (inflammation of the flap and the top of the windpipe) 
    • pneumonia (infection of the lungs)
    • osteomyelitis (infection of the bones and joints)
    • cellulitis (infection under the skin, usually on the face)

    Sources & Citations

    3. Queensland Health. Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib). Available at: (accessed 24 November 2021).

    5. Better Health Channel. Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib). Available at: (accessed 24 November 2021).

    MAT-AU-2102459  Date of preparation January 2022